Адреса: 61153, м. Харків, пр. Ювілейний, 52-А

State Institution "Institute for Children and Adolescents Health Care at the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

SI "ICAHC NAMS"

Мать с ребенком

History of the Institute of Child and Adolescent Health NAMS of Ukraine originates from the charity organization “A drop of milk”, organized in Kharkov at the very beginning of the twentieth century, in 1907 enthusiast young doctor, S. Yampolskyi, first director of the Institute.

Профессор Ямпольский

prof. S. Yampolskyi
director of the Institute,
(1922-1930)
Prof. Semen Yampolskyi - Doctor MD, professor, well-known in Ukraine and abroad specialist in the field of pediatrics, organizer of science, first director of the institute; in 1930-1941 - Head of the Department of Pediatrics of children of the first year of life of the Ukrainian Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education in Kharkov, in the post-war years, his scientific interests included the development of methods for treating acute intestinal diseases in children in the first year of life, justifying blood transfusions and its components, combating rickets, issues of pathology and treating digestive disorders. Prepared 6 candidates of medical sciences, is the author of 2 monographs and 100 scientific papers.

The status of a state institution was acquired by the Institute according to the Order of the People’s Commissariat of Health of Ukraine № 174 at 28.10.1922 and became the first in Ukraine research institution for the protection of motherhood and childhood.
The main activities of the institute in the young Ukrainian republic were the issues of combating child and maternal mortality, creating a system of medical support for women workers, organizing baby food, training specialists for preventive work in enterprises, in children's educational and medical institutions; hygienic knowledge among the population.

It is important to note that already in those years, 80 years ago, issues that did not lose their relevance were studied: physiology and pathology of children of the first year of life and early age; psycho-physiological development of the child; the impact of the environment, in particular the health of schools on children's health. Much attention was paid to the social issue. At 1923 the institute opened a legal consultation, whose tasks included issues of legal protection of mothers, promotion of family and marriage law. At 1928 The institute organized a department of social hygiene and pathology. In the same period, a sanatorium school was organized for children with psycho-neurological disorders. By its 5th anniversary, the Institute is a powerful institution with its infrastructure and clear goals and objectives. It is becoming a recognized scientific institution whose development influences the tactics and strategy of maternal and child health.

In the arsenal of scientific developments of the institute's employees are sour milk mixtures, acidophilic milk, kefir, hypogalactia prevention development, organization of kindergartens, antenatal clinics, dairy kitchens, training of scientific personnel and advanced training of employees of medical institutions.

Профессор Олевский

Prof. М. Olevskyi
Mark Plevskyi He began his scientific activities at the institute from the moment of his organization, and worked there until the beginning of the war, he went from resident to deputy director for scientific work. The main directions of his research activities were to study the issues of physiology and pathology of children, in particular the first years of life. He was one of the first scientists in Ukraine who began working on this problem. Under his leadership, studies were conducted using an experiment to develop methods for hardening, feeding babies, feeding children with lactic acid mixtures, in particular kefir. The topic of his doctoral thesis was “The use of kefir in the nutrition of children” (1940). After the war he worked in Moscow at the Central Research Institute of Pediatrics of the RSFSR.

Профессор Шаферштейн

Prof. S. Shafershtein
Samuil Shafershtein Doctor MD, Professor, famous pediatrician. He began his scientific activity at the institute in 1924 and worked for more than 25 years, headed a somatic clinic, was deputy director for scientific work. In 1937, he defended his doctoral thesis "The Genesis of Toxic Syndrome in Acute Nutritional Disorders in Infants"; in 1940, he was approved as a professor in the specialty "Childhood Illness". The main scientific directions of his activity concerned the issues of physiology, pathology and nutrition of young children, infectious diseases, rheumatism, sanatorium-and-spa treatment. A special place in his research was occupied by the issues of transfusion of children of donated blood and its components. He is the author of more than 100 scientific papers, including 11 monographs, manuals and reference books. Under his leadership, defended 6 master's theses..

In the thirties The Institute is expanding, new departments and laboratories are being created, headed by renowned scientists: М. Olevskyi, М. Koshkin, S. Shafershtein, L. Merkov, V. Konstantinov. For experimental research, a vivarium has been organized, consultants from other institutions in Kharkiv are involved (G. Folbort, V. Vorobyov, А. Nagornyi). There are new research directions, including rheumatism. During this period, the first rheumatology clinic in Ukraine, an antirheumatology room, and a sanatorium were organized. Issues of indications and contraindications to the transfusion of donor blood and its components in severe infectious and somatic diseases are being worked out. (S. Rodkin, A. Turchina). Fundamental studies of the physiology of children of the first years of life. At 1936 The Institute begins publication of the magazine “Protection of Motherhood and Childhood”, which since 1938. published under the new name "Pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology".

Корниенко

М. Kornienko
Director of the Institute
(1943-1948)
Maria Kornienko, was born in 1902, she graduated from the Pediatric Faculty of the Kharkov Medical Institute in 1936 and a postgraduate study in pediatrics at the Central Institute of Advanced Medical Studies in 1940. At the Krupskaya Kharkiv Scientific Research Institute for the Protection of Motherhood and Childhood. Kornienko worked from 1936 to 1937 and in 1940-1941 as a resident, junior researcher, head physician of the institute clinic. After the liberation of Kharkiv from the fascist occupation in 1943, Kornienko worked as deputy head of the Kharkiv regional health department, at which time the National Public Health Commissariat of Ukraine was entrusted with the task of commencing the restoration of the Krupskaya Kharkiv Scientific Research Institute of Maternal and Childhood Protection. Kornienko faced an daunting task - 3 months after the liberation of the city, to resume the work of the institute.

Профессор Гиль

Prof. S. Gil
Semen Gil, Born in 1889, graduated from Kharkov Veterinary Institute in 1915, and in 1921 from the Kharkov Medical Academy with a degree in pediatrician. Gil received the degree of Candidate of Medical Sciences in 1938, in 1957 he defended his doctoral thesis on the effect of milk acidified with lactic acid on the functions of the digestive tract, and was awarded the title of professor in pediatrics in 1961. Professor Gil is the country's leading specialist in issues of feeding a healthy and sick child, nursing premature babies. He is the author of the monograph "Premature and Caring for Premature Babies", methodological recommendations, manuals, and reference books on this urgent problem for pediatrics. Professor Gil is one of the authors of using lactic acid mixtures in infants' nutrition, in particular kefir made from ion-exchange milk, in which Ukraine has become a pioneer. Method prof. Gilya air sanitation in the wards of children's hospitals using germicidal lamps is still used in children's institutions. Prof. Gil paid much attention to the training of scientific personnel, under his leadership 1 doctoral and 8 master's theses were completed..

Логунова

А. Logunova
Director of the Institute
(1948-1952)
Antonina Logunova, Born in 1899, graduated from the faculty of maternal and child health protection at the Kharkov Medical Institute in 1926 and received the specialty of an obstetrician-gynecologist. After graduation she worked in hospitals, women's clinics, actively combining practical and research work. In 1947, Logunova successfully defended her thesis on the topic “Prevention of postpartum diseases of anti-reticular cytotoxic serum (ACS)”. From January 1948 to May 1952 Logunova heads the work of the Krupskaya Kharkov Research Institute for the Protection of Motherhood and Childhood. The main research areas of Logunov were issues of the pathology of pregnancy for women and the development of preventive measures for the occurrence of complications of pregnancy and maternal mortality. During her leadership, young talented graduates of the Kharkov Medical Institute, who became famous scientists in the country in pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, came to the institute, made up the golden fund of the institute, and headed the leading departments of medical universities. During the war and in the years of recovery of medical and preventive treatment facilities, Logunova showed herself capable, persistent, talented health care organizer, for which she was awarded the Order “Badge of Honor”, ​​the medal “For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War”. In 1952, Logunova was transferred to work in the Ministry of Health of Ukraine as head of the department of medical and preventive care for mothers and children..

Профессор Пятигорский

Prof. I. Pyapigorsyi
Isaak Pyapigorsyi - Deputy Director of the Institute for Scientific Work (1950-1955). Born in 1895, graduated from the Kharkov Medical Academy in 1921 with a degree in pediatrician. At the Kharkov Krupskaya Research Institute for the Protection of Motherhood and Childhood, he worked for a short time from 1927 to 1955, first as a resident at the clinic, as an assistant, then as head of the department of physiotherapy, which was created on his initiative, acting deputy director of the institute for scientific work, head of organizational -methodical department. In 1939, Pyatigorskyi defended his thesis on the topic: “Non-resort peat treatment at childhood”, in the same year he was awarded the academic title of senior researcher in the specialty “Pediatrics”. Pyatigorskyi - participant of the Great Patriotic War, participated in the defense of Stalingrad, the capture of Vienna and Budapest, was awarded military orders and medals, including "For the Defense of Stalingrad", "For the Capture of Vienna", "For the Capture of Budapest". The main scientific activities of Pyatigorskyi dealt with the use of natural and physical factors in treating children, developing indications and contraindications to their use, methods of organizing physiotherapy care in medical and health institutions for children with various diseases, including rickets, dysentery, rheumatism. In 1951 he defended his doctoral thesis "Fractional ultraviolet erytherapy in early childhood." He is the author of 70 scientific papers, including 4 manuals for doctors. In 1955, Pyatigorskyi switched to teaching.

The most important medico-social issues of the post-war period are fruitfully resolved: treatment of intestinal infections, rickets, premature nursing, rheumatism, improved management of women with threatened abortion, treatment of gestosis, uterine bleeding.

In the postwar years, the main problem of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology was the development of scientifically based methods to combat miscarriage and hypotonic bleeding in the third stage of labor and the postpartum period (V. Konstantinov). The research results allowed to scientifically justify the use of vitamin E during pregnancy in women at risk (R. Mirsagatova, V. Vasilyeva), develop a method for determining blood loss. Of great importance were the work on the creation of an estrogenic background during the period of stimulation of labor in women with a pathological course of pregnancy. (L. Volkova). Were studied issues of infection in childbirth (L. Golubev).

Мирсагатова

Prof. R. Mirsagatova
Roziya-Khan Mirsagatova, Born in 1909, graduated from the first Moscow Medical Institute in 1930. From 1945 to 1963 she worked at the institute as a senior researcher, head of the department of pathology of pregnancy. In 1949 she was awarded the degree of Candidate of Medical Sciences, in 1952 she was approved in the academic title of senior researcher in the specialty "obstetrics and gynecology". Mirsagatova is a well-known specialist in the pathology of pregnancy for women, miscarriage, pregnant diabetes and vascular pathology in them. The methods of treatment and prevention of various manifestations of the pathology of pregnancy that women have developed have made a significant contribution to the fight against maternal mortality. In 1956, she defended her doctoral thesis on the topic “Vitamin E in the treatment and prevention of spontaneously premature termination of pregnancy (miscarriage)”. Mirsagatova was a talented clinician, surgeon obstetrician-gynecologist, fruitfully combined scientific work with medical activities in maternity hospitals, antenatal clinics. An important direction of scientific and medical advisory work of MD Mirsagatova was the study of reproductive function in female workers at heavy engineering enterprises, the development of measures to prevent the adverse effects of the pathological course of pregnancy and childbirth. The results of these studies allowed organizing special women’s offices at enterprises, introducing posts for obstetrician-gynecologists into the staff of factory outpatient clinics, and developing regulatory documents on women's occupational safety and health. Under the leadership of Professor Mirsagatova prepared two candidates of medical sciences.

 

Сотрудники института 1952

Institute staff
(1952)

Здание института 1952 на ул.Пушкинской 68

Old Institute Building
Pushkinska str. 68

At 1952 Director of the Institute becomes А. Kornilova, brilliant organizer and talented scientist, a specialist in the field of woman and child health care, known in Ukraine and abroad.

Корнилова

Prof. А. Kornilova
Director of the Institute
1952-1986
Aleksandra Kornilova - Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Ukrainian SSR, was born on April 15, 1917 in Kharkov in a working-class family. After graduating from high school, enters the Kharkov Medical Institute, the pediatric faculty of which graduates with distinction in 1940. Alexandra Ivanovna’s medical practice begins in the city of Mena, Chernihiv Oblast, where her talent as an organizer doctor was first revealed. During World War II, Kornilov works as a medical doctor at the Miass Automobile Plant located in the Urals. After the liberation of Kharkov, Alexandra Ivanovna returns to her native city and gives all her strength and knowledge to medical care for war invalids. The desire to engage in scientific activities, to deepen her knowledge in the field of obstetrics and gynecology leads Aleksandr Ivanovna to the residency at the Kharkov Medical Institute, where she begins her research work. After graduating from the residency in 1949, Kornilov joined the Kharkov Scientific Research Institute for the Protection of Motherhood and Childhood as a junior research assistant. From this time on, Kornilova’s scientific, medical, and organizational activities were connected with this institute, which she headed for 34 years, from January 1952 to February 1986. A brilliant organizer, an enterprising, highly responsible person who understands the immediate needs of maternal and child health, Kornilov creates a team of like-minded people, expands the clinical bases of the institute, creates new laboratories. By the beginning of the 60s, the institute is gaining a reputation as a leading institution in the industry, whose team fruitfully solves the most difficult issues of medical care for children and pregnant women. Kornilov talentedly connects great organizational work with scientific activities: in 1953 he defended his thesis, and in 1971 he completed his doctoral thesis, which carried out an in-depth analysis of the structure of maternal mortality in Ukraine, revealed the causes and proposed specific measures to reduce it. An important section of scientific research of Kornilova in the 50s and early 60s were the prevention and treatment of late toxicosis of pregnant women, the fight against bleeding in childbirth. On the initiative of Kornilova, for the first time in Ukraine, a maternity hospital was created for women with miscarriage, with a department for premature babies. Kornilova’s talent as a scientist and organizer was most vividly manifested during the reorganization of the institute in 1965, when it was turned into the only scientific institution in the Union - the Krupskaya Research Institute of Children's and Adolescent Health. The activities of the institute were aimed at developing issues of physiology and pathology of school-age children and adolescents. Since 1966, Kornilov has headed the Federal and Republican Problem Commissions “The Physiology and Pathology of Adolescents”. The institute expanded, new departments and laboratories were opened. Kornilov justifies the need to build new bases for the institute, in 1970 a land plot and funds were allocated for the construction of a clinical and laboratory-experimental building, and in August 1974 the clinic received the first patient. In the 1970s and 1980s, Kornilov was in charge of conducting basic clinical and experimental studies aimed at uncovering the neuro-endocrine mechanisms for regulating puberty and its disorders, determining hereditary and environmental factors in the formation of gynecological diseases in the pre-puberty. Professor Kornilov is the author of 123 scientific papers, including monographs, textbooks, and methodological recommendations. Her articles are included in the Large and Small Medical Encyclopedias. Under its editorship, 17 interdepartmental republican collections “Health protection of children and adolescents” were issued. Alexander Ivanovna always paid great attention to training. During her leadership of the institute, 32 doctoral dissertations and 114 candidate's dissertations were completed and defended; Kornilova personally trained 5 doctors and 12 candidates of science. In order to improve the training of specialists in the field of adolescent medicine on the initiative of Kornilova, on the basis of the institute in 1978, the first in the Union Department of Physiology and Pathology of Adolescents of the Ukrainian Institute for Advanced Medical Studies was created, which Alexandra Ivanovna headed 10 years Kornilova was a member of the Academic Council of the USSR Ministry of Public Health, a member of the Council of the Regional Department of the USSR Academy of Sciences, a member of the dissertation council at the Kharkov Medical Institute, a member of the board of the Republican and regional scientific societies of pediatricians and obstetricians and gynecologists. and gynecology. Kornilov was repeatedly elected deputy of the regional, city, district councils of people's deputies of the city of Kharkov. For services to the organization of medical care for women and children, Kornilova was awarded orders and medals, a diploma of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR, she was awarded the honorary title "Honored Scientist of the RSFSR".

Сперанский

Academician Georgy Nesterovich Speransky
on the 30th anniversary of the Institute (1953)

At 1965 By order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine No. 40 of January 18, 1965, the institute was reorganized into the Krupskaya Kharkiv Scientific Research Institute for the Health of Children and Adolescents. The institute was entrusted with the functions of the main scientific institution in the Union on the issue “Physiology and pathology of adolescents”.
At 1974 The institute received a new clinical and experimental base, which undoubtedly contributed to the development of the institute as a coordinating scientific, therapeutic and preventive and organizational center on the problem of protecting the health of children and adolescents.

 

Новое здание института

Modern Institute Building
(1974)

 

During this period, such well-known scientists as professors E.Z. Yusfina, V.Ya. Gaidai, V.O. Sarana, G.N. Kostyurina, L.Ya. Stuliy, A.A. Besedina.

At 1986 Director of the Institute appointed Dr. med. sciences, prof. N.M. Korenev. On his initiative, the range of scientific research was greatly expanded, new promising areas appeared.
A significant contribution has been made to the solution of issues related to the prevalence and mechanisms of arterial hypertension formation in children and adolescents; recommendations on their rehabilitation and follow-up are scientifically based.
A system for organizing medical care for children and adolescents affected by the Chernobyl accident has been proposed, non-drug methods for the treatment of peptic ulcer have been developed.

In the 80-90s A lot of efforts are aimed at improving the organization of medical care for the younger generation - pupils of boarding schools of various profiles, organizing labor education for schoolchildren in interscholastic training and production complexes, vocational schools of various specialties, developing criteria for professional selection.
Developed and put into practice recommendations on the organization of work of day hospitals of different profiles in the conditions of medical institutions, the organization of recreation for children with different levels of health, rational forms of medical support for adolescents in polyclinics of large industrial cities, rehabilitation measures for disabled children with chronic somatic pathology and mental disorders.
The institute’s scientists have a priority in studying the neuroendocrine regulation of sexual development, the formation mechanisms and progression factors of precursors of atherosclerosis, the development and occurrence of complications of rheumatic diseases in adolescence, diabetes mellitus, disorders of sexual development, risk factors for the occurrence of non-psychotic mental disorders in adolescents, their prevalence, improvement of diagnosis and treatment.

In 2000 The Institute is part of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine. The main directions of his scientific activities are:

  • determination of the laws governing the development of the health of schoolchildren in Ukraine, environmental and hereditary factors that determine it, the development of a monitoring system;
  • determination of neurohormonal and immune mechanisms to ensure the development of the child's body and the formation of pubertal pathology;
  • development of new methods for the prevention, diagnosis, prognosis of the course and treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular, digestive, endocrine systems, connective tissue, mental disorders in adolescence, the creation of expert systems;
  • medical and psychological rehabilitation of children and adolescents with the most severe somatic pathology and mental development disorders, disability prevention;
  • scientific substantiation of the most effective forms of medical support for children and adolescents in Ukraine, including those from social risk groups.

Today, the Institute is a multidisciplinary research and clinical institution that trains personnel of the highest category, develops proposals for Government programs and ensures their implementation. Until recently, headed the problem commission of the Ministry of Health and the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine «School-age and adolescent health».

In the structure of the institute 11 scientific departments (5 clinical departments: cardiorheumatology, endocrinology, pediatric gynecology, psychiatry, pediatrics and rehabilitation), 3 laboratories (clinical immunology, age-related endocrinology and metabolism, medical genetics), hygiene department of school-age children and adolescents, department of scientific organization of medical care for schoolchildren and adolescents, department of scientific medical information and patent-licensing work, department of developmental psychology and functional research methods group; clinic with 220 beds, which consists of 5 clinical specialized units, advisory clinic, rehabilitation department, 4 diagnostic units.
The clinic is accredited by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, it was awarded the highest category.

According to the social partnership agreement on conducting in-depth medical examinations of orphans and children deprived of parental care between the Kharkiv Regional State Administration and the IOZDP NAMS Institute at the Institute’s clinic, since 2000 almost 2000 orphans have been treated. In the Center for the rehabilitation of children and adolescents affected by the Chernobyl disaster that existed at the Institute from 1986 to 2017, more than 13,000 sick children received inpatient medical care. Since 2014, the clinic has accepted the treatment of almost 3,000 patients from the Luhansk and Donetsk regions - the area of the antiterrorist operation.

The institute has 336 employees, including 52 scientific and 42 doctors, among which 17 are doctors and 42 candidates of science. Only in the last 17 years, 13 doctoral and 55 master’s theses have been defended by the Institute’s staff.

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